|American Cancer Society
Please feel free to forward
your comments, suggestions, and corrections to Dr. James L. Kepner
Sample Size Calculator: One-Sample Designs
This program determines the sample size necessary to attain a specified size and power for an
exact test of one proportion. The hypotheses to be tested are of the form:
The user must submit a value for p0, an upper bound for alpha (i.e., the probability of committing a Type I error),
and a lower bound for the power at the point p = p0+delta,   where 0 < delta < (1-p0).
Upon taking these study constraints into consideration, the calculator will then recommend a design that is optimal
by the following criteria:
- The first stage sample size, n1, is as small as possible.
- The second stage sample size (if a two-stage design is requested), n2, is as small as possible and satisfies
n2 <= n1.
- The third stage sample size, (if a three-stage design is requested), n3, is as small as possible and
satisfies n3 <= n2.
- The actual significance level, or size, of the test satisfies size <= alpha, where alpha
is the significance level specified by the user.
- The actual power at p = p0+delta, apower, satisfies apower >= power, where power is the user-specified minimum
Enter the following information from your study*: